The Canadian refugee system encompasses two main elements.

  • The Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program: designed for individuals requiring protection from outside Canada
  • The In-Canada Asylum Program: established for individuals who are making claims for refugee protection from within the country.

The In-Canada Asylum Program endeavors to extend refuge to individuals in Canada who:

  • Possess a legitimate apprehension of persecution
  • Face the prospect of inhumane treatment, including torture or arbitrary punishment, in their countries of origin.

Individuals who do not meet the criteria for seeking asylum as refugees in Canada may not be eligible for such protection.

Note – Individuals who have been ordered to leave the country cannot apply for refugee status.

A decision regarding referral of your asylum claim to the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) will be made by the officers reviewing the claim. The IRB is a separate entity responsible for settling immigration and refugee issues.

The Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) determines the status of Convention refugees or individuals requiring protection.

Convention refugees are forced to leave their home due to fear of persecution. They cannot safely return due to ongoing risk.

Individuals may be forced to flee due to:

  • Racial discrimination
  • Religious persecution
  • Threats to political views
  • National origin discrimination
  • Belonging to a targeted social group, such as women or those with a specific sexual orientation.

An individual seeking refuge in Canada is unable to safely return to their home country due to the likelihood of facing:

  • The possibility of torture
  • Danger to their life
  • Exposure to inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment.

Not all individuals may be eligible to apply for asylum. The process of claiming refugee status in Canada involves a specific protocol and firm deadlines. If returning to one's home country poses a risk of prosecution, torture, or punishment, it is recommended to seek assistance and determine if one may be eligible for asylum through the refugee and asylum class.

Please react out to Global Era Immigration to know more.